Gene Validity Curation

Gene Validity Classification Summary

Gene/Disease Pair:

CDC14A : nonsyndromic genetic deafness

HGNC:1718 | MONDO_0019497
Mode of Inheritance: Autosomal recessive inheritance (HP:0000007)
Expert Panel: Hearing Loss
SOP: Gene Clinical Validity Standard Operating Procedures (SOP), Version 6

Genetic Evidence
Case-Level Data
Evidence Type Case Information Type Guidelines Points PMIDs/Notes
Default Range Max Count Total Counted
Variant Evidence
Autosomal Dominant or X-linked Disorder Variant is de novo 2 0-3 12
Proband with predicted or proven null variant 1.5 0-2 10
Proband with other variant type with some evidence of gene impact 0.5 0-1.5 7
Autosomal Recessive Disease Two variants in trans and at least one de novo or a predicted/proven null variant 2 0-3 12 2
Imtiaz A et al. 2018 Mar 1 (PMID:29293958);
Two variants (not predicted/proven null) with some evidence of gene impact in trans 1 0-1.5
Segregation Evidence   Summed LOD Family Count 2 2  
Candidate gene sequencing
Exome/genome or all genes sequenced in linkage region 4.73 2
Imtiaz A et al. 2018 Mar 1 (PMID:29293958);
Total Summed LOD Score 4.73    
Case-Control Data
Case-Control Study Type Case-Control Quality Criteria Guidelines Points PMIDs/Notes
Points/Study Max Count Points Counted
Single Variant Analysis 1. Variant Detection Methodology
2. Power
3. Bias and confounding
4. Statistical Significance
0-6 12
Aggregate Variant Analysis 0-6
Total Genetic Evidence Points (Maximum 12) 6
Experimental Evidence
Evidence Category Evidence Type Guidelines Points PMIDs/Notes
Default Range Max Count Total Counted
Function Biochemical Function 0.5 0 - 2 2
Protein Interaction 0.5 0 - 2
Expression 0.5 0 - 2
Functional Alteration Patient cells 1 0 - 2 2
Non-patient cells 0.5 0 - 1
Models Non-human model organism 2 0 - 4 4
Cell culture model 1 0 - 2
Rescue Rescue in human 2 0 - 4
Rescue in non-human model organism 2 0 - 4
Rescue in cell culture model 1 0 - 2
Rescue in patient cells 1 0 - 2
Total Experimental Evidence Points (Maximum 6) 0



Assertion criteria Genetic Evidence (0-12 points) Experimental Evidence
(0-6 points)
Total Points
Replication Over Time (Y/N)
Description Case-level, family segregation, or case-control data that support the gene-disease association Gene-level experimental evidence that support the gene-disease association Sum of Genetic & Experimental
> 2 pubs w/ convincing evidence over time (>3 yrs)
Assigned Points 6 0 6 NO
STRONG 12-18
DEFINITIVE 12-18 AND replication over time
Valid contradictory evidence (Y/N)*
The CDC14A gene has been associated with autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss using the ClinGen Clinical Validity Framework as of 1/18/18. CDC14A​ was first associated with nonsyndromic hearing loss in humans in 2016​ (Delmaghani et al.​). The primary disease association for CDC14A is hearing impairment and infertility in males syndrome (HIIMS). The nonsyndromic form of hearing loss has been split from this syndrome, because there is evidence that nonsyndromic hearing loss is caused by a distinct molecular mechanism. Two nonsense variants have been reported to segregate in families with males with normal fertility. These variants are truncating in exon 11 of the gene. In one isoform of the gene, NM_033313.2, exon 11 is the last exon, so truncating variants may encode a fully or partially functional protein sufficient to preserve reproductive function. This isoform does not exist in mice, so experimental studies may not be possible. In summary, there is limited evidence to support this gene-disease association. Although more evidence is needed to support a causal role, no convincing evidence has emerged that contradicts the gene-disease association. This classification was approved by the ClinGen Hearing Loss Working Group on 2/26/18.